Signs & Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Carbohydrates are broken down during digestion into glucose. This substance moves into your blood and a hormone called insulin transfers the glucose to the body cells to give your body energy. People with diabetes either have a problem with insulin production or the cells aren’t able to use the insulin which causes glucose to buildup in the blood. According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, gestational diabetes affects anywhere from three to eight out of 100 women in the United States. This condition is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy but typically resolves after the baby is born. Its symptoms are similar to those of diabetes mellitus.

Increased Appetite

An increased appetite can indicate gestational diabetes, but despite this symptom, a pregnant woman may also lose weight. The body responds to the high level of insulin in the blood by producing and releasing more insulin. One action of insulin is to stimulate the appetite, which means that a higher level of insulin leads to an increased hunger. If the cells aren’t able to use the insulin, the level of glucose in the blood will continue to build up, so the body breaks down the muscles and fat stores as a way to get the required energy to the cells. The pregnant woman may lose weight as these tissues shrink as well as feel constantly fatigued or lethargic, since this action causes the body to use more energy.

Excessive Thirst and Urination

A pregnant woman with gestational diabetes may have an increased thirst since the body craves liquids to help dilute the excess glucose in the blood. The body also moves liquids from the body tissues to help dilute the blood. For example, the body can pull fluid from the lenses of the eyes. This action can affect the way the eyes focus, which causes blurred vision. The increased fluid intake causes the pregnant women to pass large, excessive amounts of urine, which is different than the frequent passing of small amounts of urine that is typical of pregnancy. Diagnostic testing at the physician’s office can reveal high amounts of glucose in the urine.
Infections

Since diabetes interferes with the body’s ability to fight infections, the pregnant woman may experience frequent infections in areas such as the bladder, vagina and skin. White blood cells defend the body against bacteria, but these cells aren’t able to function normally when a person has a high blood sugar. A woman with gestational diabetes may also complain of a yeast infection in the vagina or on the skin. Yeast cells are normally present in the vaginal area in small amounts. The vaginal secretions and urine contain more glucose when a woman has gestational diabetes. The yeast cells use the glucose as food, which causes the cells to multiply. With the body’s immune system compromised by the high level of glucose in the blood, this increase in yeast cells turns into a yeast infection.

High Blood Sugar

Since a woman may not have any noticeable symptoms of gestational diabetes and symptoms can mimic regular pregnancy symptoms, screening for this condition is part of prenatal care for at-risk women between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy. Your physician will initially order a blood test called a glucose challenge test. If the glucose challenge test indicates a high blood sugar level, your physician may order a glucose tolerance test to confirm the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. Both tests involve drinking a sweet glucose solution and having your blood drawn after a prescribed amount of time.

How to enjoy travelling in Canada while moving around in the city?

The largest country in North America and the second largest country in the world, Canada is extremely vast. Replete with untouched natural splendor, blend of different cultures and rich history, the mesmerizing country drives millions of holidaymakers to dig for low-cost tickets for flights to Canada.

Canada boasts over 500 airports and about 800 unpaved landing strips. The country is well connected to UK and there is no dearth of direct flights to Canada. Major airlines like British Airways, Air Canada and Air Transit operate over 40 flights from London to Toronto everyday. Air Canada offers direct flight from London to Calgary, Montreal, Vancouver and Halifax while British Airways serves to Montreal and Vancouver.

Due to the sprawling area of Canada, it may be an onerous job to move around the region. There are numerous modes of transport like planes, cars, buses and trains at one’s disposal, but it is essential for one to get acquainted with a right way of utilizing these.

By Plane
Air travel is the best option to get around the sprawling country. Flying between the different cities of Canada is comparatively cheaper than bus or train. The country is brimming with numerous airlines that ensure comfortable and fast travel. Air Canada is a major national carrier that has a largest network. The carrier also offers most frequent schedules for travelers on Canadian tour.

Apart from this, there are many other companies like Air Tran sat, Zoom and discount airline West Jet that make for a perfect choice to trip the country.

By Car
If you are sharing the costs with others, then renting a car in Canada is undeniably an economical alternative. One can find countless companies, strewn all over the country, that offer cheap car rentals. But one has to stay conscious of all the rules and regulations. Heed the traffic rules while driving into Canada and keep your home driver’s license, registration papers of a vehicle and proof of liability insurance. Gasoline is not cheap in Canada and it is sold on the basis of litre.

There are several points along the border where the Canadian highway system directly links with continental USA. Canada has two major highway routes cross Canada east to west. Highway 1 is a four-lane Trans-Canada Highway (TCH) that links over 10 provinces of Canada and runs from Victoria (British Columbia) to St. John’s, Newfoundland. The other one is Yellow head Highway (Hwy. 16) that connects Winnipeg to Prince Rupert.

By Bus
Holidaymakers traveling on cheap flights to Canada can also make use of intercity buses available between major metropolises. Best services are provided within the Quebec City ” Windsor Corridor. Coach Canada is one of the best bus services in Southeastern Ontario and Southern Quebec that provide safe travel. The popular one is Greyhound that Canada that offer great services and covers the Toronto – Ottawa route, the Montreal – Ottawa route and between Toronto and south-western Ontario. Orleans Express is another effective alternative that offer secure bus services for travelers hopping on flights to Canada.

In Canada, the license of running a particular route is given to only one company and there is no competition among providers. Most of the companies charge higher prices for the services.

By train
Least but not the last, vacationers taking flights to Canada can also avail the country’s passenger rail services. Train ride is the finest mode for travelers having penchant for scenic vistas. The three-day train ride between Toronto and Vancouver that passes through the magnificent Canadian prairies and the Rocky Mountains.

Traveling in train is quite expensive and consumes much longer than car or plane. It is better to make preparations ahead of time in order to get the lower fares.